When things go wrong: Communicating error and gathering information for client side code

Having developed client side applications for the last few years in a variety of languages (Java, Flash, AIR, Javascript and recent forays into Objective C for the IPhone), its funny that some discussions appear cyclically and are discussed as though for the first time in every new project. Communicating errors in your application seems to be one of them, and I wanted to pen a few thoughts on that.

Serverside developers have it easy!
Well, no ;). But there are paradigms that have become the norm now. If something bad happens and you get a 404 or a 500 error on a webpage, its pretty likely that its been logged and if its on a major product, alarms have been raised. Client side code, especially in the languages I have worked in the last couple of years, have been less…communicative. I would like to focus on AIR and Flash here since those are the technologies I work with most often. The problem becomes more critical in AIR where you have much more things that can go wrong since you are interacting with items on the user’s machine which is not a controlled environment.

Why communicate the error?
Very few client side web apps I have worked with, including my own, have ever seemed to have handled error correctly. Most of the time, the app has been scoped with time allocated against the features and error states have never been considered. Occasionally, a developer will put in an Alert window or something similar just as a precaution (I know I have). In Flash/AIR there doesnt seem to be a good library that I can integrate into my application that encapsulates best practicess. Heck, I dont even know what the best practices are, which is what prompted me to write this post.

What would you include in the error window?
While you may want to include app specific information in the error window, I think there are a few things that make most sense:

  • An error description: What happened ? Corrupt file? Cannot connect to server? Something readable. For bonus points, can the user do anything about this, like restart the application?
  • An error code: This makes sense and if you include a support system, like a bug tracker or a 1-800 number, it would make the conversation a lot more meaningful
  • The detailed stack trace: A good paradigm I have seen here is a toggleable details state that shows/hides the detailed error stack trace, would go a long way in figuring out the source of the error
  • Extra points: email API integration, or some other way for the user to send the error description with as little pain as possible

The last point is kind of interesting, cause you might want to send more than just the stack trace of the error. You might want to set the whole application state. If you have application logging enabled, say with something like the CIM logging framework, the whole log file might be of interest. Again, the developer must ensure that he is only logging non-personal information there.

Of course there are situations when the error might cause the entire app to blow up, without giving it enough time to react to the error. Would it make sense to log and end of session event and allow users to send the application log to the server if the end of session was not successfully logged for a prior session?

Prior Art:

I started looking at some Google results for Error dialogs and crash reporters. Here are some screenshots:

First is the JXErrorPane, a Java class part of SwingX project. This seems to be the most familiar UI for reporting errors(link to API docs)


The usage is pretty simple:

try {
//do stuff.... something throws an exception in here
} catch (Exception e) {

A step up would be the UI from crash reporters which would perhaps be overkill for a web app, but would make a lot of sense for desktop apps, especially in the beta stages. Here is a screenshot from something called Bug Buddy.

Bug Buddy

Whats kind of interesting here is that it adds a field that allows user to add information about the context of the crash, as well as an email address that may be used to contact him or something.

The last screenshot is from an open source library called JRFeedbackProvider someone presented at the Philadelphia Cocoa Users Group.

JRFeedbackProvider. This has the features of the previous crash reporters but also adds a “request a feature” tab which is great if you are running an alpha version of your application and are looking for more than bug reports.

If you have seen any other error UI that seem to do a good job, please add a comment here.

Author: Arpit Mathur

Arpit Mathur is a Principal Engineer at Comcast Labs where he is currently working on a variety of topics including Machine Learning, Affective Computing, and Blockchain applications. Arpit has also worked extensively on Android and iOS applications, Virtual Reality apps as well as with web technologies like JavaScript, HTML and Ruby on Rails. He also spent a couple of years in the User Experience team as a Creative Technologist.

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